Real Explosives v Pseudo Scents – Bomb Dog Training

With my background as an explosive search dog handler and instructor I am fascinated in the recent rise of the availability of ‘pseudo’ scents. To most this is of no interest but any explo handler will tell you its a current hot topic.

It wasn’t something I ever had to contend with as I always had the availability of real sample scents. But with more bomb detection work being undertaken by private search dog teams, the pressures on training and the complexity of sample handling and storage there is a temptation to switch to the more manageable pseudo scents.

Explo 2

Finding factual un-biased scientific information is still hard. We came across this published research which we thought we would share. I guess much depends on an individual teams access to explosive samples. But even where dogs are trained on live scents it is being suggested that pseudo scents could be used as a supplement to aid continuation training. This article would suggest that this is not a good option as handlers could be training two completely separate sets of scents.

Source: Springer Science + Business 2014

Canines trained on pseudo-explosives could not reliably identify the genuine article (and vice versa)

Genuine explosive materials are traditionally used to train dogs to detect explosives and to test their performance later on. However, challenges arising from the acquisition, storage, handling and transport of explosives have motivated the development of “pseudo-explosive” or “pseudo-scent” training aids. These products attempt to mimic the odour of real explosives, yet remain non-hazardous. The intent is that a canine trained on a pseudo-explosive would be able to detect its real-life analog, and vice versa.

When it comes to teaching dogs how to sniff out explosives, there’s nothing quite like the real thing to make sure they’re trained right. That’s the message from William Kranz, Nicholas Strange and John Goodpaster of Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) in the US, after finding that dogs that are trained with so-called “pseudo-explosives” could not reliably sniff out real explosives (and vice versa). Their findings are published online in Springer’s journal Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry.

 

Coba, a 3-year-old chocolate lab and tactical explosives detector dog, chews contently on a tennis ball as David Sheffer, her handler and a dog trainer with Vohne Liche Kennels in Denver, Ind., explains the capabilities of the dog June 14 at the National Training Center on Fort Irwin, Calif., during a demonstration of Coba’s abilities for 4th Stryker Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division Soldiers, role players and government civilians. Sheffer spent 10 days – from June 5 to 15 – escorting Coba to various companies and platoons across the brigade, which will soon select 25 handlers for training to lead a similar dog in Afghanistan when they deploy later this fall. (U.S. Army photo by Sgt. Christopher M. Gaylord)

Using randomised blind testing, Goodpaster’s research group tested how well a group of seventeen dogs were able to locate three types of explosives and their pseudo-versions: Single-base smokeless powderTNT and RDX-based plastic explosive (C-4). In general, the dogs trained on simulated explosives could sniff out the genuine article only 14 percent of the time. Similarly, dogs trained on real explosives responded to pseudo-explosives only 16 percent of the time.

On the whole, the animals only had a nose for the materials upon which they were trained. For example, dogs trained on ‘real’ explosives were able to locate them 81 percent of the time. Dogs trained with the ‘pseudo-explosive’ versions had a very similar success rate of 88 percent.

The failure of the dogs to be “cross-trained” does not mean that the pseudo-explosives contain the wrong ingredients. Goodpaster’s group determined via chemical analysis that the volatile compounds given off by pseudo-explosives consist of various solvents, additives and common impurities that are present in authentic explosives.

Ultimately, Goodpaster’s group states that ………..IMG_0345 (2)

“the exceptional sensitivity of the canine’s nose and the impressionable nature of its temperament have made canines a valuable tool when it comes to sweeping for hidden bombs and explosives. However, dogs trained on pseudo-explosives performed poorly at detecting all but the pseudo-explosives they were trained on. Similarly, dogs trained on actual explosives performed poorly at detecting all but the actual explosives on which they were trained.”

We would like to hear from handlers that have used pseudo scents and in particular those that have cross-trained using both live & pseudo samples.

 

You May Also Like

384 thoughts on “Real Explosives v Pseudo Scents – Bomb Dog Training

  1. Pingback: online cialis
  2. Pingback: is cialis generic
  3. Pingback: cialis daily cost
  4. Pingback: Viagra jelly
  5. Pingback: virga for sale
  6. Pingback: cialis india
  7. Pingback: generic cialis
  8. Pingback: buy viagra online
  9. Pingback: tylenol website
  10. Pingback: viagra generic
  11. Pingback: viagra generic
  12. Pingback: viagra for sale
  13. Pingback: cialis canada
  14. Pingback: pills for erection
  15. Pingback: tadalafil online
  16. Pingback: walmart pharmacy
  17. Pingback: Cialis in usa
  18. Pingback: vardenafil 20mg
  19. Pingback: online levitra
  20. Pingback: viagra viagra
  21. Pingback: online casino
  22. Pingback: personal loans
  23. Pingback: viagra for sale
  24. Pingback: cialis 5 mg
  25. Pingback: buy viagra 100mg
  26. Pingback: cialis to buy
  27. Pingback: cialis buy
  28. Pingback: 20 cialis
  29. Pingback: buy cialis
  30. Pingback: free casino games
  31. Pingback: casino online
  32. Pingback: casino games
  33. Pingback: real casino
  34. Pingback: viagra alternative
  35. Pingback: sildenafil price
  36. Pingback: tadalafil 20mg
  37. Pingback: cheapest viagra
  38. Pingback: cheap tadalafil
  39. Pingback: viagra price
  40. Pingback: roman viagra cost
  41. Pingback: propecia online
  42. Pingback: http://droga5.net
  43. Pingback: buy cialis
  44. Pingback: buy cheap viagra
  45. Pingback: buy sildenafil
  46. Pingback: what is tadalafil
  47. Pingback: generic sildenafil
  48. Pingback: buy cialis
  49. Pingback: viagra cheap
  50. Pingback: ciali online
  51. Pingback: viagra online
  52. Pingback: viagra pills
  53. Pingback: sildenafil
  54. Pingback: Cialis 80mg uk
  55. Pingback: viagra buy
  56. Pingback: Cialis 60mg cost
  57. Pingback: cialis online
  58. Pingback: order lasix 100 mg
  59. Pingback: otc viagra
  60. Pingback: generic viagra
  61. Pingback: abilify 20mg nz
  62. Pingback: pharmacie en ligne
  63. Pingback: buy antivert 25mg
  64. Pingback: viagra for sale
  65. Pingback: tadalafil
  66. Pingback: cialis in dubai
  67. Pingback: cialis for sale
  68. Pingback: tadalafil
  69. Pingback: cialis for sale
  70. Pingback: catapres uk
  71. Pingback: cheap ceclor
  72. Pingback: cheap viagra
  73. Pingback: ceftin tablet
  74. Pingback: celebrex 200mg uk
  75. Pingback: celexa 20 mg cheap
  76. Pingback: cheap viagra
  77. Pingback: best casino online
  78. Pingback: casino slot
  79. Pingback: online slots
  80. Pingback: online casino usa
  81. Pingback: generic cialis
  82. Pingback: free slots online
  83. Pingback: casinos
  84. Pingback: casino slots
  85. Pingback: viagra manila
  86. Pingback: buy cialis online
  87. Pingback: car insurance cost
  88. Pingback: best car insurance
  89. Pingback: easy payday loans
  90. Pingback: fast payday loans
  91. Pingback: online ed med
  92. Pingback: get personal loans
  93. Pingback: cbd oil sale
  94. Pingback: cialisorgcom
  95. Pingback: vg cbd oil
  96. Pingback: buy levitra 10 mg
  97. Pingback: Real viagra
  98. Pingback: viagra forum
  99. Pingback: define assignments
  100. Pingback: buying essay
  101. Pingback: cleocin 150 mg nz
  102. Pingback: clomid tablet
  103. Pingback: Pharmacy viagra
  104. Pingback: clozaril 25mg usa
  105. Pingback: cialis in spain
  106. Pingback: Brand viagra
  107. Pingback: generic viagra gel
  108. Pingback: cialis online
  109. Pingback: cozaar tablet
  110. Pingback: how to buy crestor
  111. Pingback: cheap dapsone caps
  112. Pingback: depakote canada
  113. Pingback: Brand viagra
  114. Pingback: viagra prices
  115. Pingback: dramamine 50 mg uk
  116. Pingback: generic Cipro
  117. Pingback: cialis order
  118. Pingback: ed products
  119. Pingback: cheap geodon 40mg
  120. Pingback: how to buy hyzaar
  121. Pingback: brand cialis
  122. Pingback: cialis price
  123. Pingback: viagra price
  124. Pingback: imuran cost
  125. Pingback: buy indocin
  126. Pingback: generic viagra
  127. Pingback: lopid nz
  128. Pingback: where to buy luvox
  129. Pingback: macrobid 50mg cost
  130. Pingback: pfizer viagra cost
  131. Pingback: generic Zovirax
  132. Pingback: mobic 7,5mg tablet
  133. Pingback: canada drugs
  134. Pingback: canada drugs
  135. Pingback: periactin canada
  136. Pingback: prevacid price
  137. Pingback: buy viagra online
  138. Pingback: proscar 5 mg usa
  139. Pingback: pulmicort pills
  140. Pingback: reglan 10 mg usa
  141. Pingback: cost of remeron
  142. Pingback: benadryl 700
  143. Pingback: revatio 20mg price
  144. Pingback: benadryl cost
  145. Pingback: rogaine medication
  146. Pingback: toprol nz
  147. Pingback: cheap voltaren
  148. Pingback: blog here
  149. Pingback: zocor price
  150. Pingback: zyloprim for sale
  151. Pingback: furosemide cheap
  152. Pingback: pioglitazone nz
  153. Pingback: glimepiride otc
  154. Pingback: buy meclizine 25mg
  155. Pingback: atomoxetine pills
  156. Pingback: donepezil otc
  157. Pingback: anastrozole prices
  158. Pingback: cheap sildenafil
  159. Pingback: cheap buspirone

Comments are closed.